Surrealism is a movement which can be found in art, but also literature, theatre, music and much more. It’s a reaction to the philosophical movement called existentialism, multiple social problems, like the first world war, Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and of course the odd anti-artists from the Dadamovement.
Dadaists were experimenting with the accident of art, especially Hans Arp and Max Ernst. In Dada, this was to make fun of art and art history. Dadaists explored the boundaries of ‘what art is’.
When Dada was cancelled – because the lack of audience – many artists kept on making weird art, but with another statement; to explore the unconsciousness and coincidence in art.
André Breton founded Surrealism, he wrote the surrealist manifesto (in 1925 of course)
Surrealists discovered that the unconsciousness goes crazy when there is a sexual impuls.
Coca cola knows how to use this:
Many surrealists used nudity and…
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